This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding forty-four entities (eight entities and thirty-six subordinate institutions) to the Entity List.  The entities that are being added to the Entity List have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.  These entities will be listed on the Entity List under the destination of China.  This rule also modifies one entry under China to provide additional addresses and names for the entity at issue.